Selenium Tutorial Java

Selenium Tutorial for Beginners: In this post, we will share about Selenium Tutorial Java. Selenium is an open-source framework that enables automated testing of web applications.

It allows developers and testers to write scripts in various programming languages to simulate user interactions with web browsers, such as clicking links, filling out forms, and navigating pages.

Selenium offers testing capabilities and supports multiple browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer. Whether you are a software developer or a quality assurance specialist, learning to use Selenium can significantly streamline your testing process and help you deliver high-quality software faster. In this tutorial, we will cover the basics of Selenium and provide step-by-step instructions on how to get started with test automation using this powerful tool.

In this Selenium tutorial Java, we are going to cover all topics of Selenium, like how to install Selenium on your local machine, how to use it and what are the Selenium automation testing features and its implementation with some real-time examples, what are the advantages of using Selenium, what type of application you can test by using Selenium WebDriver, etc.

Selenium Tutorial For Beginners

Throughout this Selenium tutorial java, we will explore the key components of Selenium, including Selenium WebDriver, Selenium IDE, and Selenium Grid. We will also cover how to set up a Selenium testing environment, write test scripts in popular programming languages such as Java and Python, and execute tests on different browsers and operating systems.

Additionally, we will discuss best practices for organizing and maintaining test scripts, debugging common errors, and reporting test results. By the end of this tutorial, you should have a solid foundation in using Selenium for web application testing and be able to apply this knowledge to your own projects. So, let’s get started and dive into the world of Selenium!

Selenium WebDriver Tutorials Syllabus

Introduction: Before Directly Jumping into the course, we will first understand about few things:

What is Automation Testing
Tools for Automation Testing
Use of automation Testing
Why is automation for your career?
Advantage of Selenium

IDE Software For Programming: To speed up our practice, we are going to use some IDE for writing our automation script. In the market, there are several IDE present online, such as Eclipse, PyCharm, IntelliJ IDEA, and many more available.

But we will try to discuss some of the most frequently used IDE’s and their features one by one:

How to stop your execution
How to debug in Eclipse
How to insert a breakpoint
How to find errors in a program
How to run your program
How to pause your execution
Understanding console output
How to add Watch variables
How to debug step by step

Setup Automation Environment: The very first thing to start our automation is to set up the environment. So this section, we will see how to set up Environment properly so that we can run our program without any issues.

Download Selenium WebDriver
How to Setup Automation Project
Create First Java Test Case
How to Create Packages
How to Import WebDriver Source file

WebDriver Interface In Selenium: In this section, we will discuss browsers in WebDriver and how to easily launch the Firefox browser using it. We’ll also explore the Selenium WebDriver & WebElement interface.

Navigation Commands In Selenium For Browsers: With the help of Selenium, we can perform web automation, and their browser plays a vital role. So in this section,, we will discuss various operations of browsers and various navigation commands.

How to get Page Source Of Web Page
How to Navigate Back & Forward
How to Navigating to a Specific Page
How to Open a URL
How to Verify Page Title
Difference between Close & Quit
Different Ways to Refresh a Page

Selenium Locators With Examples: Before starting this section, we expect that you have a basic knowledge of HTML. Because with HTML knowledge, we can able to understand the different attributes associated with a WebElement, and by using that attributes and locator details, we will try to locate the element.

What Is Locators In Selenium
Absolute Xpath
Difference Between Single ‘/’ or ‘//’
Xpath Axes In Selenium
Webelement Commands
Types Of XPath
Relative XPath
Xpath Functions In Selenium
CSS Selector In Selenium

How to Easily Identify Elements In Browsers: As an automation tester finding elements in the web browser are the most common activity carried out in Selenium, and in some application, it is very much difficult to find web elements.

So most of the testers are spending more time locating the elements, but there are some life saviors add-ons and tools available which help you in reducing the time to locate complex elements of a web page.

Element Inspector Safari
Element Inspector Mozilla
Handling Dynamic Objects/Id Page
Element Inspector Chrome
Xpath Helper Plug-in For Chrome
Selection Of Effective Xpath

Handle Various WebElement In Selenium: In this section, we will discuss the basics of Selenium automation, where we will try to automate various web elements of a webpage.

Enter Text into an Input Field
How to Click on Different Elements
Finding All Links On The Page
Objects of Specific Areas of Web Page
How to Check Element is Displayed
How to Check Element is Enabled
Clear Text Of an Input Field
Managing Input fields, Buttons & Links
Get More Than One Object From Page
How to Check Element is Present
How to Check Element is Selected

How to Handle Tables, Checkboxes & Radio Buttons: Most web applications have some common elements like Tables, Checkboxes & radio buttons. So in this section, we will understand how to handle these elements.

Identify Table Rows And Columns
Dynamically Identify Tables Data
Drop Down Handle
Select & Deselect Operations By Index
Select & Deselect By Visible Text
Extracting Values From A Cell
Select Class In Selenium
Select Multiple Values From The List
Select & Deselect Operations By Value

Selenium Waits: This Selenium Waits helps you solve the issues like time lagging, so in this section, we are going to understand this in detail:

Implicit Wait In Selenium
Expected Conditions Selenium
SetScriptTimeout In Selenium
Strategy To Poll For An Object
Different WaitUntil Conditions
Thread Sleep In Selenium
Explicit Wait In Selenium
PageLoadTimeout In Selenium
Fluent Wait In Selenium
Webdriverwait In Selenium

Switch Windows In Selenium & Selenium Alert: While Automating web applications, you have seen multiple windows and alerts. So in this section, we will try to understand how to handle SeleniumAlerts & Switching Windows.

Managing Ajax-Based Components
How to Handle Confirmation Alert
Diff Btw Window Handle & Handles
Switch Multiple Tabs & Popups
How to Handle Simple Alert
How to Handle Prompt Alert
Switch Windows In Selenium
Extracting Window IDs with Selenium

Actions Class In Selenium: By using the action class in Selenium, we can handle complex object features and we can various operations such as:

What is an Action class in Selenium?
Mouse Movement In Selenium
Drag And Drop In Selenium
Sikuli In Selenium
Robot Class In Selenium
Mouse Hover In Selenium
Finding Coordinates Of A Web Object
Frames In Selenium
Frames In Selenium

JavaScript Selenium: In this section, we will discuss the various operations which we can perform through JavaScript while doing automation.

Item text
Item text

Browser Profile: In this section, we’ll cover various kinds of browser profiles and user authentication methods, along with examples. These will be important for testing secure and user-authenticated websites.

What is Browser Profile
How to Create New Firefox Profile
Set up Firefox Options In Selenium
How to Create New Chrome Profile
Set up Chromeoptions In Selenium

How to Automate: Until the moment, we have seen how to automate simple web applications, and now we will try to understand how we can handle complex scenarios like below:

How to Handle Ajax Components
Handle WebTable with Paginations
How to Handle ShadowDOM Elements
Handle Complex Frames/iFrames
Page Wait use cases
How to Handle Complex Calendars
Handle infinite Page Loading
How to Handle SVG Elements
Handle Complex Psuedo Elements
Element Wait use cases

TestNG In Selenium: TestNG is a great ready-to-use framework for building your own test framework, and we’ll explore it in this section.

Selenium Tutorial On Locators

When are you listening to the word locators, then in your mind baby asking what is the use of locator in Selenium? As we all know from the basics of the Selenium automation testing tool, Selenium is mainly used to automate web applications.

A web application can have so many web elements on it. And if you want to perform some action on those web elements, then the first thing you have to do is locate that element.

Su Selenium uses locators to find the matching elements of your page, which you need to interact with or doing some operation with that element. Different types of locators are present in Selenium. Getting more details about Selenium Locators, you can refer the below links:

Selenium Tutorial for Beginners

Selenium Testing Tutorials Concept Wise

Basic Selenium Automation testing tutorial

  • How to Click on Image in Selenium Webdriver
  • How to Select Value from DropDown using Selenium Webdriver
  • Locate Elements by Link Text & Partial Link Text in Selenium Webdriver
  • Mouse Click & Keyboard Event: Action Class in Selenium Webdriver
  • How to Upload & Download a File using Selenium Webdriver
  • XPath in Selenium WebDriver: Complete Tutorial
  • Alert & Popup Window Handling in Selenium WebDriver
  • Handling iFrames in Selenium Webdriver: switchTo()
  • How to Handle Web Table in Selenium WebDriver
  • Handling Dynamic Web Tables Using Selenium WebDriver
  • Desired Capabilities in Selenium WebDriver
  • How to Verify Tooltip using Selenium WebDriver
  • How to Find All/Broken links using Selenium Webdriver
  • How to Take Screenshot in Selenium WebDriver
  • Robot Class in Selenium Webdriver
  • How to use AutoIT with Selenium Webdriver: File Upload Example
  • Flash Testing with Selenium WebDriver
  • How to Drag and Drop in Selenium WebDriver (EXAMPLE)
  • How to Scroll Down or UP a Page in Selenium Webdriver
  • Sikuli Tutorial: How to use Sikuli with Selenium (EXAMPLE)
  • XPath Contains, Sibling, Ancestor Functions in Selenium WebDriver
  • Implicit, Explicit, & Fluent Wait in Selenium WebDriver
  • Double click and Right Click in Selenium with Examples
  • Navigation Commands
  • Multiple Select
  • XPath
  • XPath Helper Plugins
  • Multiple Windows Handling
  • Handle Unexpected Alert
  • Expected Condition Wait

TestNG Tutorials

  • How to Download & Install TestNG in Eclipse for Selenium WebDriver
  • TestNG Tutorial: Annotations, Framework, Examples in Selenium
  • TestNG Groups: Include, Exclude with Example
  • TestNG @Test Priority in Selenium
  • Parallel Execution in Selenium: Session Handling & TestNG Dependency
  • TestNG: How to Run Multiple Test Suites in Selenium
  • TestNG Listeners in Selenium: ITestListener & ITestResult Example
  • How to Execute Failed Test Cases in TestNG: Selenium WebDriver
  • TestNG Report Generation in Selenium WebDriver
  • Customize, PDF & Email TestNG Reports in Selenium WebDriver

Frameworks Tutorials

  • Page Object Model (POM) & Page Factory: Selenium WebDriver Tutorial
  • DataProvider & TestNG XML: Parameterization in Selenium(Example)
  • Read & Write Data from Excel File in Selenium Webdriver: POI & JXL
  • How to Select Date from DatePicker/Calendar in Selenium Webdriver

Selenium Tutorial: Advance Selenium Webdriver Tutorial Stuff

  • Selenium Grid Tutorial: Hub & Node (with Example)
  • Maven & Jenkins Integration with Selenium: Complete Tutorial
  • Selenium Automation Framework: Data-Driven, Keyword Driven & Hybrid
  • Database Testing using Selenium: Step by Step Guide
  • Cross Browser Testing using Selenium WebDriver
  • Log4j with Selenium: Download, Install, Use & Example
  • How to Handle SSL Certificate in Selenium WebDriver
  • How to Handle AJAX Call in Selenium Webdriver
  • JavaScriptExecutor in Selenium WebDriver with Example
  • How to use IntelliJ IDEA & Selenium Webdriver
  • Apache ANT with Selenium: Complete Tutorial
  • How to Generate XSLT Report in Selenium Webdriver
  • Github Integration with Selenium: Complete Tutorial
  • Cookies Handling in Selenium WebDriver
  • Using SoapUI with Selenium for Web Service Testing
  • How to Create Firefox Profile in Selenium WebDriver
  • Creating Object Repository in Selenium WebDriver: XML & Properties file

Selenium Tutorial – Selenium Interview Questions

Selenium Tutorial – Other Interview Questions

Interview Related Testing Stuffs

Selenium Interview Questions

Selenium Subjective Interview Questions

Final Words:

We hope that this Selenium WebDriver tutorial has provided you with a comprehensive understanding of the basic and advanced concepts of Selenium automation testing. We have included step-by-step instructions and practical examples to help you learn Selenium WebDriver effectively.

We will update this tutorial regularly and encourage you to share it with your friends on social media. If you notice any errors or inaccuracies in our tutorials, please email us or contact-us page. Your feedback is valuable to us as we strive to provide the best learning resources for Selenium learners.

FAQS About Selenium Tutorial

Can I learn Selenium on my own?

Yes, you can learn Selenium on your own! With online resources, dedication, and practice, you can master Selenium and become proficient in test automation.

How do I start coding in Selenium?

To start coding in Selenium, you first need to learn a programming language (like Java or Python), and then install Selenium libraries and set up a development environment.

Can I learn Selenium without coding?

It’s possible to use Selenium without coding by using tools like Selenium IDE, but a basic understanding of coding concepts is still recommended.

I love open-source technologies and am very passionate about software development. I like to share my knowledge with others, especially on technology that's why I have given all the examples as simple as possible to understand for beginners. All the code posted on my blog is developed, compiled, and tested in my development environment. If you find any mistakes or bugs, Please drop an email to, or You can join me on Linkedin.

9 thoughts on “Selenium Tutorial Java”

  1. Thanks for the great content, The best part is that each and everything is available on clicks on the same place.

    • Thanks Vandana Dhiman, We are still working on providing all the topics with real time example and also with detailed explnation

      • Hi,
        For instance, under the topic “Selenium Locators With Examples:”
        Types Of XPath
        Relative XPath
        Xpath Functions In Selenium
        CSS Selector In Selenium

        and also under the topic “Handle Various WebElement In Selenium:”
        Enter Text into an Input Field
        How to Click on Different Elements
        Finding All Links On The Page
        Objects of Specific Areas of Web Page
        How to Check Element is Displayed
        How to Check Element is Enabled
        Clear Text Of an Input Field
        Managing Input fields, Buttons & Links
        Get More Than One Object From Page
        How to Check Element is Present
        How to Check Element is Selected

        As like the above most of the topics are not able to click. Please help and support to follow the tutorials


Leave a Comment