The aim of testing is to find out if a product or service meets its requirements. To do this, the independent test team should ask questions about everything that pertains to their work in order to have common knowledge and understanding as well.
Before the independent testing can begin, the tester team needs to do a few things. First of all, they need to create an Agile test strategy document that contains a description of their approach and what methods they will use. This is just one of many documents created by the tester team. It covers their work from beginning to end including project planning, test planning, execution of testing, and post-testing activities. The independent testing team will also need to create standard operating procedures that define all of the necessary steps for the different tasks performed throughout the life cycle.
The Independent Testing Team is involved from beginning to end with the project or product under test. They work very closely with the project team and are often integrated into the project team. This is so they can be immediately aware of any issues that arise or changes in requirements as it will have a direct impact on their work.
What does the independent testing team look at when they test?
It will depend on the requirements set for them by the product owner but some key areas of focus are:
They want to make sure that everything works as it should, from top to bottom. They need to have common knowledge and understanding around how things work, so they can figure out where things go wrong and what needs to be fixed. They
look at all of the documentation associated with the testing like test plans, requirements documents, design documents, and source code. They will also need to build some understanding around how things are going to work from a user’s perspective before they can start testing them. Sometimes independent testers may find problems in one part of the development which has implications for other parts of development.
For example, if the independent testing team finds that a particular process is very slow, this will have an impact on how long it takes to test.
The independent testing team typically carries out their work independently of other teams within the organization. To ensure independence they may need to conduct activities on a different network or server and use development environments that are not used by other testers.
In the same way that the project team follows agile principles in their work, so too do independent testing teams benefit from using Agile methods when carrying out testing and preparing release notes.
There are often dependencies between different parts of testing due to time constraints or issues with change requests. How much time is needed for independent testing is dependent upon a number of factors like the size, complexity, and number of defects found or changes in requirements?
The independent testing team has to work quickly so they can provide timely feedback to the project team who will use this information to make quick decisions on issues that arise. The quicker they can report problems and defects, the more time there will be to fix them.
The Independent Testing Team will often deal with reports of defects and problems that have arisen. They also take part in defining issues, creating defect management plans, and tracking defects before they can carry out the testing themselves.
Independent Testing is an expansion upon Agile testing methods and follows many other practices such as Test Driven Development, Behavior Driven Development, and Acceptance Test-Driven Development.
The Independent Testing Team is responsible for carrying out testing on a particular product or project. They need to ensure that the final deliverable meets all of its requirements and will often liaise with the Project Manager when things don’t go as planned. They have responsibility for quality assurance and may have responsibility for some non-technical areas of the project like the product strategy and design.
The Independent Testing Team typically consists of technical experts who are experienced in testing but this is not always true. Some independent testers may not be highly technical or may even be user experience professionals!
Advantages of Independent Testing
There are various advantages of Independent Testing, some of them we listed below:
- Have full control over the testing process and can ensure that all requirements are met
- Independent Testing Teams are often seen as having greater credibility with stakeholders and customers
- A can help improve the overall quality of an organisation’s testing practice because they are not restricted to the company’s own processes and procedures
- Testers can make sure that any problems they have found are fixed promptly and the product is delivered on time
Disadvantages of Independent Testing
There are various disadvantages of Independent Testing. Some of them we listed below:
- If independent testers don’t know enough about the wider project they may report problems that are not within their remit
- They may not be familiar with the product scope or changes to requirements
- Testers may not be familiar with the operational procedures that are attached to requirements and how these might affect testing
- Their time is limited and this may mean that they can only carry out a basic analysis of the product or project
- The developers may not like it because they have less control over the testing process and may even be wary of letting testers access their code
What is the goal of independent testing?
It is to ensure that a deliverable meets all of its requirements and is functional according to the specifications set out for it. The Independent Testing Team may also put time aside at the end of each sprint to carry out ‘smoke tests’. These are quick checks that basic functionality works as expected and can be used as a sanity check by developers.
What is required to perform it?
An Independent Testing Team needs to be experienced with the product they are testing and have a good understanding of how it is supposed to work. They also need to make sure that they are not tied up with delivery tasks or helping other teams within the organization. This will allow them to give their full attention to carrying out testing and other quality assurance work.
How is it carried out?
The Independent Testing Team typically carries out the majority of their work in sprints like the development team. However, this can be dependent upon how much testing needs to be done and what methods will be used. Some testers may need to do some initial investigations during the planning phase of a sprint and then carry out more detailed testing throughout the development phase.
Following Agile practices, an Independent Testing Team will give feedback at each sprint review of their progress as well as how they have found issues. They may also be expected to participate in retrospective meetings and contribute their thoughts on what could be improved for the next part of the project.
How is it measured?
The Independent Testing Team will often come under pressure to finish their work quickly and provide the highest quality results. Therefore, there are many metrics that can be used for measuring how efficient they are in this regard. For example, using cycle time, defect density, or relative completion rate.
Cycle time is a measurement of how long each requirement takes to test. This can be done by looking at how much time is taken for each task on the testing dashboard or by using any of the Agile metrics that are available such as story points and velocity.
Defect density is a measurement of defects found per amount of work completed. The higher this value is, the more work that has to be done and so inversely the lower it is, the more efficient testers are.
Relative completion rate is a measurement of how quickly testers are carrying out tasks compared to the rest of the project team. Testers should try to keep on target with the development team here and finish their work as soon as possible or even ahead of time.
Independent Testing is best suited to organizations where there are a large number of testers and a very small number of developers. This is because the independent testing team will typically have greater responsibilities in ensuring quality across their product or project. They protect against changes and provide the final check that everything is in order.
Independent testing is all about shifting responsibility for the quality, giving power to a third party. It is not always easy and it does require a shift in thinking on the part of all involved.
When used well, independent testing can ensure that an organization’s testing practice is effective and has credibility with all of its stakeholders. If you like this article, then please help share it with your friends and colleagues on social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter, etc.
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