**Swap Two Numbers In Java:** Welcome to all of you. This is another simple Java program for beginners’ series of posts. This tutorial will discuss how to swap two numbers in various ways. But before that, if you are unaware of what swapping is, let me share with you: “Swapping is nothing but interchange values of the variables.”

For example, let’s take two numbers here: a=5 and B=4. Now, what I mean by swap is that after executing the swapping program code, when I print the value of A, it should print 4, and then when I print the value of B, it will print 5.

Post Type: | Java Programs Tutorial |

Published On: | www.softwaretestingo.com |

Applicable For: | Freshers & Experience |

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## Different Ways to Swap Two Numbers In Java

We can **Swap Two Numbers In Java** in different ways, and those ways are:

- Swap two numbers by using the third variable
- Swap two numbers without using a third variable (+ and -)
- Swap two numbers without using their variable (Bitwise XOR operator)
- Swap two numbers without using their variable ( * and /)
- Single Statement

## Swap Two Numbers by Using the Third Variable

package com.softwaretestingo.basic; public class SwapNumbersEx1 { public static void main(String[] args) { int a=5; int b=4; System.out.println("Before Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); int temp; temp=a; // temp=5 a=b; //a=4; b=temp; //b=5 System.out.println("After Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); } }

Before assigning the value of B to A, we’ll assign that value of A to a variable called temp. Then, once you get the value of A into the Temp variable, you can assign the value of B to A. After that, you can assign the temp variable value to B.

But if you focus on this code, the memory we should be using is only eight bytes. Unfortunately, we are creating one more variable just for the swapping, which means we are wasting extra memory. Instead of going for the third variable, we’ll use some other logic to save this memory.

### Swap Two Numbers Without Using the Third Variable ( + and -)

package com.softwaretestingo.basic; public class SwapNumbersEx2 { public static void main(String[] args) { int a=5; int b=4; System.out.println("Before Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); a = a+b; b = a-b; a = a-b; System.out.println("After Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); } }

Let’s say how it works first so initially, the value of A is five and B is four, which means when you say the new value for A will be nine, right, then the value of B is still four. When the second statement was executed (b = a-b), B is nine minus four, and B becomes five.

In this code, the value of A is nine, and your B value is five, so when you execute this statement (a = a-b;), the value of A becomes four, and you can see we have swapped the number. As you can see here, we are not wasting any extra variables, and that’s the advantage of using logic.

If we can focus on the binary conversion of 5 as 1 0 1 and the binary conversion of four as 1 0 0, it means that to represent the numbers five and four, we require only three bits. However, during the operation, the value of A becomes nine, and the binary format of nine is 1 0 0 1. That means that your result will go from three bits to four bits during the operation.

### Swap Two Numbers Without Using Third Variable – Bitwise XOR (^) operator

To implement this logic, what we’ll do is instead of this plus sign, we’ll use the Bitwise XOR (^) operator. So, this bitwise operator works: If both bits are the same, then the result will be 0, and if there is a mismatch in the bits, then the result will be 1. You can also follow the below table.

A | B | A XOR B |
---|---|---|

0 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 1 |

1 | 0 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 |

So, when we run the program

package com.softwaretestingo.basic; public class SwapNumbersEx3 { public static void main(String[] args) { int a=5; int b=4; System.out.println("Before Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); //^ -> XOR 1 1 -> 0, 1 0 -> 1, 0 0 -> 0, 0 1 -> 1 a = a^b; // 1 0 1 XOR 1 0 0 -> 0 0 1 b = a^b; // 0 0 1 XOR 1 0 0 -> 1 0 1 ->5 a = a^b; // 0 0 1 XOR 1 0 1 ->1 0 0 ->4 System.out.println("After Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); } }

### Swap Two Numbers Without Using Third Variable ( * and /)

In this way, we will see how to swap the values of two variables without using the third variable, but we are using the help of the multiplication and division operators. But here, we have one condition: the value of a and b should not be Zero.

package com.softwaretestingo.basic; public class SwapNumbersEx4 { public static void main(String[] args) { int a=5; int b=4; System.out.println("Before Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); a = a*b; b = a/b; a = a/b; System.out.println("After Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); } }

**Note:** If any variables have zero value, you will get the arithmetic exception.

### Swap Two Numbers Using a Single Statement

package com.softwaretestingo.basic; public class SwapNumbersEx5 { public static void main(String[] args) { int a=5; int b=4; System.out.println("Before Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); b=a+b -(a=b); System.out.println("After Swap the Value Of A & B: "+a+" "+b); } }

Let me explain how this will work. As you know, the execution always starts from the right to the left.

- Here, (a=b) means the B value will be assigned to A. So, A’s current value is 4.
- a+b: means the total value becomes 9.
- b=a+b -(a=b): b=9-4; so finally, the value of b is 5

Already, the value of A has changed to 4. So finally, the values A=4 and B=5.

**Conclusion:**

Finally, we have reached the end of the simple Java program for beginners series of posts. In this blog post, we have discussed 5 different ways to swap two numbers. I hope this blog post helps you better understand how to do that. Let us know in the comment section if you still have any concerns.