Agile Interview Questions: Agile methodology has revolutionized software development, bringing a more flexible and collaborative approach to the process. As Agile gains popularity, organizations are looking for skilled professionals who can effectively work in an Agile environment. Whether you are a developer, a QA engineer, or a project manager, being familiar with Agile methodologies and principles is essential for securing a job in this field.
In this context, preparing for Agile interview questions can be crucial for demonstrating your knowledge and skills to the hiring managers. This article will discuss some commonly asked Agile interview questions that can help you prepare for your next job interview.
Agile Interview Questions
- What is Agile testing?
- What is Product backlog?
- What is sprint backlog?
- Grooming and Retrospection.
- What is the role of product owner and Scrum Master?
- Agile testing mythologies.
- What is an agile methodology?
- What is the scrum and who is your scrum master?
- Ceremonies followed in Agile methodology?
- Retrospective meeting?
- Describe the Scrum ceremony?
- When do you automate in the current sprint or next sprint?
- Explain velocity in the sprint.
- In a tight sprint schedule, if a new requirement is added, how will you handle this situation?
- What is a backlog in Scrum methodology?
- You have 30 + sprints in your release how will you design your test scripts and run them?
Agile Methodology Interview Questions
Agile methodology has become a widely adopted approach for software development, particularly in today’s fast-paced and dynamic business environments. This iterative and incremental approach emphasizes collaboration, flexibility, and adaptability to changing requirements and customer needs.
As organizations increasingly adopt Agile methodologies, it is crucial for professionals in this field to be familiar with Agile principles, practices, and tools. Below we have mentioned some of the most asked Agile interview questions and answers.
When your requirements are frequently changing, then as a tester, what should be your approach?
If in your project you are following is agile methodologies, but the requirements are not precise and its changing frequently. then as a tester, you have to follow the below approach:
- you have to write the test cases or test plan in such a way that, will focus the requirement, not the exact details.
- To understand the requirement or scope of change, you have to work closely with the product owner or business analyst (BA).
What is the meaning of epic, user stories, end tasks?
If in an organization, you are following agile methodologies, then these terms are the basic terms that you came across in your daily life.
- Epic: A customer described software feature that is itemized in the product backlog is known as epic. Epics subdivided into stories.
- User Stories: As per the client requirement, the business analyst after the user stories. Which will define the project or functional business requirements, and it should be delivered in a particular sprint as expected.
- Task: what’s the user stories are groomed, then the developers and testers are broken down the user stories into different tasks.
What is refactoring?
Let’s assume that the development of an application is completed. But there is a requirement to improve the performance of the existing code. So to enhance the performance of the current code, we need to modify the code without changing the core functionality. This is called refactoring.
How can you calculate the velocity of the sprint with varying team capacity?
During the sprint planning, usually, the velocity of the sprint is measured based on the performance of the team on the completed sprints. Velocity is a metric that is calculated by the addition of all efforts estimates related to user stories completed in an iteration. It figures out how much work Agile can complete in a sprint and how much time will it need to finish a project.
but there is a mathematical formula which is used to calculate the velocity of a sprint:
- First – completed story points X team capacity: If you measure capacity as a percentage of a 40 hours weeks
- Second – completed story points/team capacity: If you measure capacity in manhours For our scenario, the second method is applicable.
- Product backlog: it contains all the features of the project, and the product owner owns it.
- Sprint backlog: It is a part of the product backlog which is owned by the development team and also committed to delivering within a sprint. This sprint backlog is prepared during the sprint planning meeting, and the user stories are groomed.
- Iterative model: It is a continuous software development method where the software development cycle is going on a repeated manner until the final product is achieved.
- Incremental model: in this model, the software is developed by portion-wise. in each increment, each segment of functionality is delivered through cross-discipline work from the requirements to the deployment.
What is the meaning of spike and zero sprints in agile? What is the purpose of it?
Sprint Zero: if you are going to start a new project, then before starting the development of the project, you need to do some research and POC on some of the features. Usually, on sprint zero, the developers are performing some activities like setting a development environment, preparing product backlog, and so on.
Spikes: Spikes are the type of stories that are used for activities like research, exploration, design, and even prototyping. In between sprints, you can take spikes for the work related to any technical or design issue. Spikes are of two types Technical Spikes and Functional Spikes.
What are the qualities of a good Agile tester should have?
An excellent Agile tester should have the following qualities.
- It should be able to understand the requirements quickly.
- An agile tester should know Agile principals and concepts thoroughly.
- As requirements keep changing, the tester should understand the risk involved in it.
- Based on the needs Agile tester should be able to prioritize the work.
- Continue communication between business associates, developers, and tester is a must.
Who are all involved in the Agile team?
In agile the two main leads are
- Scrum Masters: It coordinates most of the inputs and outputs required for an agile program
- Development Managers: They hire the right people and develop them with the team.
Difference between Scrum and Agile?
Scrum: In the scrum, a sprint is a basic unit of development. Each sprint followed by a planning meeting, where the tasks for the sprint identified and estimated. During each sprint, the team creates the finished portion of a product.
Agile: In Agile, each iteration involves a team working through a full software development cycle, including planning, design, coding, requirement analysis, unit testing, and acceptance testing when a product is demonstrated to stakeholders In simple words, Agile is the practice, and scrum is the process of following this practice.
What is test-driven development?
Test-driven development or TDD is also known as test-driven design. In this method, a developer first writes an automated test case which describes new function or improvement and then creates small codes to pass that test and later refactors the new code to meet the acceptable standards.
What is the burn-up and burndown chart in Agile methodology?
To track the progress of a project burn up and Bandhan chart are used
- Burnup Chart: It shows the development of stories done over time
- Burndown Chart: It shows how much work was left to do overtime
Scrum-ban is a software development model based on Scrum and Kanban. It is specially designed for a project that requires frequent maintenance, having unexpected user stories, and programming errors. Using this approach, the team’s workflow is guided in a way that allows minimum completion time for each user story or programming error.
What is the story point in agile?
The story point is to represent the difficulty of the story without assigning the actual hours. the story points are scaled like Fibonacci number sequence ( 1,2,3,5,8,13,….100). but some teams are using a linear scale (1,2,3,4….) Powers of 2 (1,2,4,8……) and cloth size (XS, S ,M,L, XL)
Why is continuous integration essential in Agile methodology?
continuous-integration is necessary because of the following reasons:
- It helps to maintain a release schedule on time by detecting bugs or integration errors
- Due to frequent agile code delivery usually every sprint of 2-3 weeks, stable quality of build is a must and continuous integration ensures that In helps to maintain the quality and bug-free state of the codebase
- Continuous integration helps to check the impact of work on branches to the main trunk if development work is going on branches using the automatic building and merging function
What testing are done by the tester during the agile?
In Agile, some activities are carried out. the developers are doing the elementary testing, which is unit testing and exploratory testing. Depending on the project requires a tester may execute functional and non-functional testing of the application.
I hope after going through all these Agile interview questions and answer, you will get an idea and also be able to answer the questions you will face in an interview because we tried to pull some of the frequently asked interview questions which you may face in an interview.
Nowadays, most companies are following a methodology or Agile development in one form or another. so let me know if in your organization, how you are following Agile methodology, and what Agile methodologies interview questions you have faced during an interview in the comment section.